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NGO-Government Partnerships in Village-Level Poverty Alleviation :  China,People'sRep.of :Go to Project Summary

NGO-Government Partnerships in Village-Level Poverty Alleviation :  China,People'sRep.of

Timetable  |  Financing Plan and TA Utilization

TA Name NGO-Government Partnerships in Village-Level Poverty Alleviation
Country China,People'sRep.of
TA Number 4580
Project Number 38234- 01
Source of Funding/Amount[Approved]
Poverty Reduction Fund US$1.00  million
Thematic Classification Governance
Social Development
Description The TA's central objective is formulation and demonstration of replicable models and mechanisms for NGO participation in government-funded village-level poverty alleviation (PA) efforts, with consensus built behind a comprehensive framework for mainstreaming NGOs' role in national poverty reduction efforts.

The TA will have 4 components, with the principal target outputs as follows:
(i) Context Analysis, Mechanism Design, and Framework Formulation - Consensus on comprehensive framework for NGO-Government partnerships in reducing poverty, incorporating demonstrated models and mechanisms and concrete recommendations for institutional and policy reform.
(ii) Capacity building for NGO-Government Partnership - Key capacities built among governments for effective cooperation with NGOs in village PA work, and framework development and initiation of a capacity building program for local NGOs.
(iii) Pilot Test Support and Implementation - NGO capacities for participation in PA efforts built, and successful pilot test completion, with new mechanisms proven viable in 18 target villages by project end.
(iv) External Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) - An objective and externally credible assessment of the efficacy and impact of NGO-implemented projects, including quantitative and especially qualitative dimensions, as well as comparisons to government-implemented PA projects in small control and hybrid samples of villages.
Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Concept paper included in ADB's country strategy and program update (20052007) for the PRC, under the title NGO Participation in Village-level Poverty Alleviation Planning. The poverty annex to ADB's new Country Partnership Strategy for the PRC (2008-2010) identifies NGO-govt. partnership as a key niche area. Findings from TA 4580 and addl. support to the Ministry of Civil Affairs (under TA 4790) to assess intl. models and policy options for outsourcing of public svcs. to NGOs will feed into proposed 2008 TA on New Models for Civil Society Participation in Poverty Reduction.
Outcome Progress Toward Outcome
Outcome: replicable models and mechanisms for NGO participation in government-funded, village-level PA efforts formulated and demonstrated. A two-phased pilot test was successfully completed during April 2006 to June 2008, incorporating two models of NGO-government partnership. Interim and final policy forums involved a range of stakeholders (senior officials, intl. orgs., NGOs, and village representatives) in reviewing progress and achievements and identified recommendations on future replication and supportive policy/institutional reforms. The pilot -- wherein NGOs facilititated participatory village poverty alleviation and development planning (VPADP) process -- was found by an independent evaluation (based on pseudo-randomization and including a small control sample) to substantially increase levels of participation and villager satisfaction with the process, poverty targeting, and transparency (among other benefits). Lessons learned were distilled in the consultant's final policy report provided to the TA's executing agency (LGOP), and the pilot was also taken as a focal case study in a separate ADB-supported study organized by the Ministry of Civil Affairs on outsourcing of public services to NGOs. The TA was rated "highly successful" in the TA completion report (
Outputs and Timeframe Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities and Issues)
Outputs (grouped by component):

Component 1 (Context analysis, mechanism design, and framework formulation): (i) A rapid assessment will be conducted to idendity key issues that could affect the TA; (ii) a two-phase pilot test will be implemented in the 18 selected poor villages.

Component 2 (Capacity building for NGO-Government partnership): (i) a detailed assessment of capacity gaps in local governments and NGOs; (ii) complementary programs targeting local officials and local NGOs, including training of trainers (TOT); (iii) curriculum design, and production and dissemination of core resource materials to support future capacity building program.

Component 3 (Pilot project support and implementation): (i) China Foundation for Poverty Alleviation (CFPA) provides capacity building and informal support to NGOs under the pilot test; (ii) CFPA administers pilot test processes, supervised by Jiangxi Poverty Alleviation and Development Office.

Component 4 (External monitoring and evaluation [M&E]: (i) develop and implement an external M&E system for the pilot test; (ii) provide final capacity building program for PADO, CFPA and broader stakeholders on the TA's M&E strategy; (iii) draft a process and impact evaluation report for review by LGOP, PADO, CFPA and ADB.
Component 1:The individual consultants submitted a revised version of the rapid assessment report on 22 Sep. 05; 3 operational manuals were produced. The design (particularly regarding NGO selection procedures) and overall parameters of the pilot test were reviewed by a technical meeting/workshop on 19 Nov. 05. The overall design was ratified during the meeting, and were confirmed by COSO. National Interim Policy Forum successfully held on 19 Jan 07, with VP(O2)'s participation and strong media coverage. Final Policy Forum on Mainstreaming NGOs in Government Poverty Alleviation on 22 September 2008 reviewed the pilots achievements (including findings of indep. M&E; see comp. 4 below) and discussed forward-looking policy recommendations. The policy expert group subsequently finalized the policy report, which was accepted by LGOP.

Component 2: IDSS-CIAD team commenced services and held the first meeting with LGOP on 9 Sep 05. Discussions and site investigation in Jiangxi were conducted. IDSS-CIAD has begun discussions and cooperation with CFPA on capacity building for NGOs. 1st round of formal workshops launched in April 06, with subsequent capacity building for Phase 1 & 2 NGOs, officials, & village leaders in successive pilot stages. Cap. bldg. was very applied, and (particularly during Phase 2) built in experience-sharing across NGOs and govt. officials. A final CD-ROM produced (mostly in Chinese) incorporates a framework for capacity building and related tools to support post-TA replication, and are available from ADB (contact

Component 3: CFPA successfully held a launch ceremony and explanatory workshop in Beijing on 19 Dec 05 to announce the pilot to the media and provide orientation and guidance for potentially interested NGOs. Phase 1 NGOs formally announced Feb 06, began participatory village planning after April training, and received government funds Dec 06. Phase 2 NGOs announced at press conference 19 Jan 07. May-Jun'08 (pilot wrap-up phase): NGO-facilitated participatory village poverty alleviation and development planning (VPADP) process completed in all 16 "pilot" model villages and 3 "hybrid" model villages, w/ plan activities substantively completed in the former. See also comp. 4 below.

Component 4: IDSS-CIAD sub-team 2 prepared a framework for the external M&E system and commenced implementation of the full baseline survey on 19 Dec. 05. 3rd (final) post-baseline M&E sweep completed in March/April, and draft M&E report reviewed at Jiangxi Final Pilot Assessment Workshop & seminar at end May, w/ results feeding into component 1's final policy report & Final Policy Forum held in Sept. 2008. English and Chinese summary M&E reports distributed (English is online at
Geographical Location Nationwide (policy dialogue), with pilot test in Jiangxi Province.
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects No environmental or social safeguard issues.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation and Consultation
During Project Design TBD
Responsible ADB Officer Christopher A. Spohr
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division PRC Resident Mission
Concept Clearance 09 Mar 2004
Fact-finding 07 Nov 2004 to 07 Feb 2005
Approval 20 Apr 2005
Financing Plan / TA Utilization Top TA Amount
ADB Others Gov Total Approved Amount Revised Amount
$0.00 $0.00 $1,100,000.00 $1,100,000.00 $1,000,000.00 $888,795.34
 Total Commitment Uncommited Balance Total Disbursement Undisbursed Balance
$888,795.34 $111,204.66 $888,795.34 $111,204.66
2008 Asian Development Bank

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