Home Projects Project Data Sheet
|Grant Name||Tonle Sap Poverty Reduction and Smallholder Development Project|
|Project Number||41435- 05|
|Source of Funding/Amount[Approved]||
|Sector/Subsector||Agriculture and Natural Resources / Multisector|
|Description||The Tonle Sap Poverty Reduction and Smallholder Development Project will foster community-driven development through investments in productivity improvement, rural infrastructure, and capacity development in 196 communes in the provinces of Banteay Meanchey, Kampong Cham, Kampong Thom, and Siem Reap. The Project will assist the Government in creating (i) rural infrastructure to improve agricultural production, market access, and quality of life in rural communities; (ii) stronger rural financial services extended to resource-poor smallholder farmers; (iii) better agricultural support services, including research, extension, and information delivery services to support increased agricultural productivity by smallholder farmers; (iv) appropriate policies and regulations that support smallholder farming communities; and (v) effective project management that enables timely completion of the project and achievement of project objectives.|
|Outcome||Progress Toward Outcome|
|The Project's outcome will be an increase in agricultural productivity and improve access to markets in 156 communes in four provinces in the Tonle Sap basin.|
|Outputs||Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities and Issues)|
1. Rural infrastructure improved
2. Rural financial services strengthened and extended to resource poor smallholder farmers
3. Local planning, research, extension, and information delivery services support improvement to facilitate higher agricultural productivity by smallholder farmers
4. E-kiosks established and operational in selected district and commune centers
5. Agricultural policy environment and regulatory frameworks improved supporting poverty reduction and smallholder development.
6. Executing and implementing agencies strengthened for effective project management.
|Geographical Location||Banteay Meanchey, Siem Reap, Kampong Thom and Kampong Cham|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation and Consultation|
|During Project Design||The project preparation process was geared towards developing a consensus on the proposed project design, and on necessary policy and institutional measures for effective project implementation, by involving a wide range of key stakeholders, including many ministries and agencies, development partners, nongovernment organizations, and community-based organizations at critical milestones. During this process, 55 project participatory consultations and workshops were held at the central (3), provincial (12), district (8), and commune (32) levels. This consultative process, together with the results of the agro-socioeconomic study of 20 communes, formed the foundation of detailed project design.|
|During Project Implementation||
The Project will provide funding to the four provincial councils and their administrations to plan and manage their assigned functions to implement project activities agreed upon in the annual province work plan and budget. The Project will also support district councils and their administrations in planning and managing their assigned functions to implement project activities agreed upon in the annual district work plan and budget.
The district agricultural office will assess the potential for productivity improvements in the target communes, with support from Project staff using agro ecosystems analysis (AEA) and technology improvement packages developed by the department of agricultural extension. A menu of options will be available based on the findings of the AEA and the opportunities for off-farm activities. Based on the assessment and a menu of option, district agriculture technical support staff and district facilitator team of the provincial local administration unit will assist the commune to prepare their annual commune investment plans (CIPs) incorporate the irrigation-based farming systems and its operation and maintenance.
Based on commune Block Grants budget allocation from the project for 5 years, the commune councils will select activities of the annual commune investment for Project financing during the annual CIP planning process including investment on rural infrastructure; supporting agricultural production and market access, strengthened capacity to access rural financial services, and agricultural productivity improvement and diversification.
The project will establish 1,239 livelihood improvement groups (LIGs) of 25 households in the target villages. The selection of members will use participatory wealth ranking processes to identify the poor. Members of LIGs will include poor households with little land, poor women headed households, the landless and poor households from ethnic minorities. The selection process will include safeguards to ensure that the poor do not exclude themselves from becoming members of LIGs. LIGs will have an average membership of 25 with one registered member per household (male or female): the minimum size of an LIG will be ten households. An independent external NGO will monitor the targeting and selection process, and the participation of the poor.
The Project will strengthen the capacities of commune, district and provincial service delivery institutions to support the various groups; e.g., LIGs, farmer extension, research and demonstration, marketing and off-farm income generation. The capacity building provided will accommodate a wide variety of requirements depending on the local situation and as reflected in the Annual Work Plans and Budget (AWPBs). Training will include raising the awareness of district officials, commune councilors and the project-financed community extension workers to issues of land tenure, land titling and land conflict resolution and gender issues.
|Responsible ADB Officer||
Ian William Makin
|Responsible ADB Department||
Southeast Asia Department
|Responsible ADB Division||
Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD
|Board Approval||08 Dec 2009|
© 2008 Asian Development Bank
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